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Hassan District was under the reign of Mouryas of North in the 3rd BC and later kingdoms of Kadambas, Chalukyas, Gangas, Hoysalas and Vijayanagar empire. The Hoysalas brought world wide acclaim to the district through their distinctive style of architecture. Belur was early capital of Hoysalas and Halebidu as its later capital during the period 1000 - 1334 CE. Hassan district is also known for its salubrious climate. The temples of Belur, Halebidu and Shravanabelagola are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Hassan district lies partly in the "malnad" area and partly in the southern plains ('maidan') area. By considering the physical aspects, climate, rainfall, etc. the Hassan district may be divided into three regions:
Hassan city, the district headquarters is located on the national highway between Mangalore and Bangalore. Hassan city is at a distance of about 180 Km from Bangalore. It is well-connected by road and rail to Bangalore, Mysore and Mangalore. ISRO's Satellite Tracking System Centre and Malnad Engineering College are also located in Hassan.
PLACES TO VISIT IN HASSAN DISTRICT
A temple shrine is with an anthill representing Goddess Hasanamba. The place is called Hassan after the Goddess "Hasanamba", presiding deity of the town. The temple of Hasanamba will be remains closed all through the year and opened only about a week, during the month of Ashvija (October). A big fair will be held on this occasion.
Belur is located at a distance of 34 km from Hassan on the banks of river Yagachi. It was once the capital of the Hoysala Empire. The Channakeshava temple, built by Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana, is a finest example of Hoysala architecture. It took 103 years to complete this architectural marvel. The complicated carvings on the stone walls and the gravity pillar in the courtyard are the unique features of this temple.
Gorur is located at a distance of 22 km from Hassan. A dam is constructed across the river Hemavathy to form a reservoir called Hemavathi Reservoir. This place is a pleasant picnic spot. The temple of Yoganarasimha and the Paravasudeva is also situated.
Halebidu is about 39 km from Hassan and 16 km from Belur. This place was also called as Dwara Samudra, the rich capital of the Hoysala Kingdom. Halebid was also the capital of Hoysala after Belur. Halebidu is the home of Hoysaleshwara temple, which is more impressive than the one at Belur. The Hoysaleshwara temple was built in 1121 AD. The walls of the temple are covered with detailed friezes and sculptures depicting scenes narrated in Hindu epics. Yet no two facets of the temple are the same. The Jain temples nearby are equally rich in sculptural detail.
Shravanabelagola is located at a distance of 52 km south-east of Hassan and 146 km from Bangalore city. Shravanabelagola is one of the popular Jain pilgrim centers in Karnataka. Shravanabelagola is wedged between two two stark rocky hills - The Indragiri and the Chandragiri.
The monolithic statue of Lord Gomateshwara or Bhagawan Bahubali, a Jain saint, standing atop one of Indragiri hill, is 18 meters high and is said to be one of the tallest and most graceful monolithic statues in the world. The statue of Shri Bahubali was installed by a Ganga general and scholar Chavundaraya. The stone sculpture of Bhagawan Bahubali symbolizes renunciation, self-control and subjugation of ego as the first steps towards salvation. The digambara (nude) form of Bahubali represents the complete victory over earthly desires and needs that hamper spiritual ascent towards divinity.
The Mahamastakabisheka festival, the great head anointing ceremony of Bhagawan Bahubali, attracts devotees from all over the world. Priests climb up to pour pots of coconut water, turmeric paste, vermilion powder over the statue's head.
Bisle Ghat or Bisle Reserve forest
Bisle Ghat or Reserve forest is located in Sakaleshpura taluk of Hassan district. Bisle Ghat is confluence of gorgeous natural Beauty with Salkeshpur and Mangalore railway line.
Bisle village adjoins this forest to the east. To the north it is neighboring with Kempuhole Reserve forest. To the south it merges with Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary of Kodagu district. To the west it has the Kukke Subrahmanya forest range.
Air: Hassan airport is under construction. The nearest airport is Bangalore.
Rail: Hassan is connected to Bangalore, Mysore, and Mangalore by regular trains. The railway station is around 2 km east of town.
Road: Hassan is linked with Bangalore, Mangalore, Chikmagalur and Mysore by road.
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